Tech & Things

22 Stunning Facts About Diamonds

One of the most well-known gems is diamonds. It is known as the “king of gems” because of its radiance and for being the hardest mineral on the planet. Its properties allow it to be used for a variety of purposes. Diamonds are the hardest gems on the Mohs scale, making them useful for industrial purposes such as drilling hard materials. They are, however, extremely rare, making them extremely valuable. Their radiance and beauty make them ideal for jewelry. Diamond is entirely made up of carbon.

  1. Most natural diamonds have ages that can vary from 1 billion and 3.5 billion years.
  2. Most of the diamonds were formed at depths between 150 to 250 kilometers (93 to 155 miles) in the Earth’s mantle. However, some are extracted from as deep as 800 kilometers (500 miles) beneath the surface.
  3. Diamond is a solid form of 99.95 percent pure carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called a diamond cube.
  4. The earliest diamonds were found in India in the 4th century BC, although the youngest of these deposits were formed 900 million years ago.
  5. According to a research, there are estimately a quadrillion tons of diamonds lie deep below the surface of the Earth. That would be 1,000,000,000,000,000 diamonds— or one thousand times more than one trillion. This is enough quantity to give every person a cupful of diamonds.
  6. A burning candle creates 1.5 million nanodiamonds particles per second.
  7. Under extreme high pressure, diamonds can be made from peanut butter and carbon dioxide.
  8. Diamond is the hardest substance in the world. Material hardness is a property determined by scratch resistance. A substance can only be scratched by something of equal or greater hardness. Therefore, only a diamond can scratch another diamond.
  9. Diamond” comes from the Greek word adamao, which means invincible.” From ancient times, the adjective Adamas was used to describe the hardest substance known to men. It eventually became a synonym for the word diamond.
  10. Diamonds come in a variety of colors—steel gray, white, blue, yellow, green, pink, orange, red, purple, brown, and black. Colored diamonds contain interstitial impurities or structural defects that cause coloration; pure diamonds are perfectly transparent and colorless.
  11. Red and pink diamonds are the rarest of any colored diamond. They’re only found in the mines of Africa, Australia, and Brazil. Unlike some other colored diamonds, it’s a quirk in the diamond’s structure that makes them appear red, not the presence of a chemical impurity!
  12. Diamond type is a method of scientifically classifying diamonds by the level and type of their chemical impurities. Diamonds are separated into five types: Type Ia, Type Ib, Type 1aB, Type IIa, and Type IIb.
  13. The top 5 Diamond mining countries on the planet are Russia, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Australia, and Canada.
  14. The price of a 1-carat diamond is between $1,300 and $16,500, depending on factors such as the diamond’s cut quality, clarity, color, and shape.
  15. Because of the absence of oxygen, diamonds can be heated to a much higher temperature. The ultimate melting point of the diamond is about 4,027° Celsius (7,280° Fahrenheit). Once diamonds are heated at this temperature, the diamond crystals transform into graphite.
  16. Deep within the planets Neptune and Uranus, it rains diamonds.
  17. The largest diamond was discovered in South Africa in 1905, named Cullinan. It was of 3,106 carats and was eventually yielded into two: one of 530.4 carats and the other of 317.4. Both are now part British crown jewels.
  18. Surat-based Bhavani Gems claimed to have hand-polished the world’s smallest diamond of .0003 carat for 57 facets and is hopeful of finding entry both in Limca and Guinness Book of world records for this rare feat.
  19. The first famous diamond engagement ring was given in 1477 by Archduke Maximillian of Austria to Mary of Burgundy. The ring is said to have been made up of small flat diamonds that spelled out Mary’s initial, M, a fitting gift for the future duchess who was the most eligible bachelorette of the time.
  20. In 2018, the global diamond market size was valued at USD 87.31 billion and was predicted to grow by 3% from the year 2019 to 2030.
  21. Deep in the Constellation of Centaurus, there is a star named Lucy or V886 Centauri. It is 50 light-years away and is 10 Billion Trillion Trillion Carats making it the largest diamond in the known universe.
  22. The largest producer of diamonds in the year 2020 was Russia, Australia was the second.

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