30 Alluring Facts About Peru

Peru is a fascinating nation in western South America. The nation is primarily a Roman Catholic republic. Peru is heavily forested, with the world’s third-largest tropical rainforests. The tropical Amazon Jungle in the east is one of Peru’s three major climate zones. The highlands are in the middle of the country and the hot, dry coastal desert to the west. Peruvian culture is a lovely combination of Hispanic and indigenous traditions. The Quechua and Aymara are Peru’s two major cultures of the county, both of which speak their own languages. Despite the creeping in of globalization, these Inca descendants have successfully maintained and established their proud cultures.

  1. The neighboring countries of the country are: Ecuador and Colombia in the north, Brazil in the east, Bolivia in the southeast, Chile in the south and the pacific ocean in the west.
  2. The Cerro Blanco of Peru is the second highest sand dune on the planet and is 3,860ft in height.
  3. The national colors of Peru are red and white.
  4. Every year, Peruvians eat more than 65 million guinea pigs.
  5. The national university of San macros, also known as the University of Peru or dean university of America, is the first officially established in the year 1551 is the oldest continuously operating university in the American continent.
  6. Tomatoes were originated from the Andes, which is known as Peru these days. They were first cultivated by the Aztecs and Incas in 700 AD.
  7. The oldest known civilization in the American continent was established in the Norte Chico region of modern Peru. Complex human society emerged in the group of coastal valleys between 3000 and 1800 BCE.
  8. The national animal of Peru is the Vicuña, whereas the national bird is the Andean Cock-of-the-rock.
  9. Peru is the only country word which you can type the name in a single row.
  10. The amazon river, which is the longest river on the planet, originates in Peru and flows from west to east. The rivers flow from 6 countries of South America: Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, and Brazil.
  11. The country grows over 3500 varieties of potatoes which is the largest on the globe. Over 700,000 families in 19 regions of Peru are indulged in growing this crop.
  12. Machu Pichu of Peru is the 3rd wonder of the world and a designated UNESCO world heritage site. It is a citadel located in the Andes mountains and was made in the 15th century.
  13. Peru is home to the world’s largest wingspan bird which is the Andean Condors. It is found in the mountains region in the north as well as at the sea level of the south.
  14. Lake Titicaca of Peru is the world’s highest navigable lake in the world, lying 12,500 ft (3,810 m) above sea level.
  15. The country do have a national drink which is the Pisco Sour and Inka Cola. There is a national dish too which is the Ceviche.
  16. Peru has 90 different microclimates, including 30 of 32 world climates making the country one of the most diverse countries in the world.
  17. There is a Rainbow Mountain known as Vinicunca in Cusco.
  18. Peru grows more than 55 types of corns which are different in colors. The corns grown are of yellowish, purple, white, and black colors, which are called as choclo and is being planted in the country since 1200 BC.
  19. Peru is the 7th largest producer of Gold on the planet, with a production of 155.4 tonnes of Gold.
  20. The country attains the 2nd spot in terms of marine fish catching with around 8.26 tonnes of catch in a year.
  21. The Andes mountain range is the longest continental mountain range globally, with the highest elevation of 22,841 feet in Argentina. The mountain range is stretched over Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and chile.
  22. The country has 37 mountains with an elevation of 6000 m(19685 ft). The highest mountain is the Huascarán S, with an elevation of 6,768 m(22204 ft).
  23. Over 60 percent of the total land of Peru is covered with the Peruvian Amazonia ( Amazon rainforest).
  24. The Humboldt penguin is found in the coastal areas of Peru.
  25. The Peruvian coati dung coffee is the most expensive coffee on the planet. Only about 450 kg of this kind of coffee is produced by Peru each year.
  26. Pink dolphins are found in the river of amazon in Peru.
  27. The top 5 exports of Peru are Copper Ore ($13 Billion), Gold ($7.08 Billion), Refined Petroleum ($2.83 Billion), Zinc Ore ($2.2 Billion), and Refined Copper ($1.85 Billion).
  28. The top imports of Peru are Refined Petroleum ($3.54 Billion), Crude Petroleum ($2.25 Billion), Cars ($1.49 Billion), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.22 Billion), and Delivery Trucks ($855 Million).
  29. Peru is the 3rd most biodiverse country in the world, just after brazil and china.
  30. In 1973 the government of Peru banned chili sauce and other hot spices from the prisoner’s food, thinking these might arouse sexual desires.

  • POPULATION: 3.2 crores
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish and aymara
  • GDP NOMINAL: $240.175 billion
  • GDP RANK: 41st
  • FOUNDED: 28 July 1821
  • FATHER OF THE NATION: José de San Martín
  • TOTAL AREA: 1.285 million km2
  • AREA RANK: 18th worldwide
  • CONTINENT: South America
  • ARMY STRENGTH: 115,000
  • ARMY RANK: 40th
  • LITERACY RATE: 94.17%
  • PER CAPITA INCOME: 12,790 PPP dollars (2019)


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