24 Magnificent Facts About Milk

Milk is a type of liquid food obtained from animals. Cattle, buffaloes, goats, and camels are examples. It is white in color. We frequently use milk from cows and buffaloes. Goat milk is beneficial to infants. Milk is extremely beneficial to us. It is a nutritious and ideal food. It is the primary Source of nutrition for infants. It is both food and a drink. A man can survive for a long time on milk alone. We can be strong and healthy if we drink milk in addition to our regular diet. Milk is used to make a variety of products, including ghee, butter, curd, cheese, and cream. All of these are extremely beneficial to one’s health. Milk is used to make a variety of mouth-watering cakes and sweetmeats. It is widely accepted and is something which we use in our daily life. Here we are going to talk mostly about cow and buffalo milk. So let’s ride on some interesting facts about milk.

  1. According to a scientist’s findings, some of the oldest evidence for dairy consumption has yet to be discovered: Milk products were consumed by people in modern Kenya and Sudan at least 6000 years ago. That was before humans developed the “milk gene,” implying that we were drinking the liquid before we had the genetic tools to digest it properly.
  2. Milk composition varies according to species (cow, goat, sheep), breed (Holstein, Jersey), animal feed, and lactation stage.
  3. Cow’s milk consists of 87.7 percent water, 4.9 percent lactose (carbohydrate), 3.4 percent fat, 3.3 percent protein, and 0.7 percent minerals (referred to as ash).
  4. About 544.07 million metric tons of milk were produced worldwide in the year 2021.
  5. Finland is the in the first spot in terms of milk consumption per capita with 430.76 (kg/capita/yr). The second country is Montenegro, with 349.21 (kg/capita/yr). The Netherlands is in the third spot.
  6. With 22% of global milk production, India is the world’s top producer. The United States, China, Pakistan, and Brazil are next. The majority of the growth in milk production since the 1970s has occurred in South Asia, which is the primary engine of milk production growth in the developing world.
  7. Approximately 150 million households around the globe are engaged in milk production.
  8. Even something as healthy as milk can be harmful if consumed in excess. A Swedish study found that excessive milk consumption is associated with mortality and a higher risk of fracture. Three or more glasses of milk per day was considered too much milk by the researchers.
  9. Total urea content in the milk shall not be more than 700 ppm.
  10. There are eight types of milk that we use in daily life
    I. Toned Milk
    II. Double Toned Milk
    III. Standardized milk
    IV. Flavored Milk
    V. Full Cream Milk
    VI. Skimmed milk
    VII. Organic Milk
    VIII. Lactose-Free Milk
  11. It is rich in essential nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin D, and B vitamins. Additionally, it is a fantastic source of protein. Consuming milk and other dairy products may help you maintain a healthy weight while also preventing osteoporosis and bone fractures.
  12. Proteins in milk can be divided into two groups based on their solubility in water:
    • Insoluble milk proteins are called casein.
    • Soluble milk proteins are known as whey proteins.
  13. One of the most complex natural fats is milk fat, which has about 400 different kinds of fatty acids.
  14. Cow’s milk contains more than 50 different hormones that are naturally occurring and vital for the growth of a newborn calf.
  15. Lactalis of France is the Largest dairy company by dairy revenue. In the year 2021, the company made a revenue of US$ 23.0 Billion. The second on the list comes Nestle of Switzerland, with a revenue of US$ 20.8 Billion.
  16. Some common milk alternatives are Soy Milk, Almond Milk, and Coconut Milk.
  17. In 2014, the world’s largest fresh milk plant opened in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. DEFRA secretary Owen Paterson formally unveiled Arla’s cutting-edge £150 million facility, which can produce 1 billion liters of milk per year at full capacity – equivalent to 240,000 liters per hour.
  18. Whole milk or full cream milk is better than toned milk as it has high calcium content, which is one of the most obvious advantages. It is necessary for the development and strengthening of your bones. Furthermore, calcium helps your heart muscles pump blood. When you are injured, calcium is essential for blood clotting.
  19. Raw milk is destined for human consumption. Pathogen testing of pre-pasteurized milk samples revealed pathogens in up to 33% of samples. In contrast, no pathogens were found in thousands of raw milk samples which intended for direct human consumption.
  20. A cow naturally produces around 4 liters of milk per day; a dairy cow produces an average of 28 liters per day over a 10-month period. A high-yielding cow can produce up to 60 liters per day during peak lactation and up to 12,000 liters over the course of her lactation.
  21. The 19-year-old “grade” Holstein cow produced the most milk of any cow in the world. She produced more than 54,070 gallons of milk during her lifetime, enough to fill more than eight 60-foot tanker trucks. This equates to approximately seven gallons of milk per day. Pasteurization kills microbes and prevents spoilage in milk. The technique was developed by Louis Pasteur on April 20, 1862.
  22. When you first open a new carton of milk, sprinkle a pinch of salt, then close it tightly and shake it. The salt will help the milk last for a few days longer.
  23. Milk can be frozen for up to three months. The texture and taste may be slightly altered, but thawed milk is safe to drink and ideal for cooking or baking.
  24. Milk is white because it reflects all visible light wavelengths. This is due to the chemical composition and presence of fat and protein.

Nutrition Facts of Milk (249 grams) of whole cow’s milk with 3.25% fat

  • calories:152
  • Water:88%
  • Protein:8.14 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 12 g
  • Sugar : 12g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Fat: 8g

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