36 Awesome Facts About Water

Water is an extremely valuable resource. Water is needed for irrigation, industry, transportation, drinking, bathing, and a variety of other uses in day-to-day life. Without water, life on earth would not have evolved. The human body needs a lot of water. Water is used by all of your cells, muscles, and tissues to help regulate temperature, stay hydrated, and sustain bodily functions. Water also serves as a lubricant and a cushion for the joints.

  1. Water is a material that consists of the chemical elements hydrogen and oxygen and is found in gaseous, liquid, and solid states. It is one of the compounds that is most abundant in nature and is so essential too. It has the features to dissolve many other substances. It is a tasteless and odorless liquid at room temperature.
  2. The chemical formula of water is H2O.
  3. Water is the only natural substance that is found in all three physical states liquid, solid, and even gas.
  4. About 71 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water.
  5. An ocean holds about 96.5 percent of all earth’s water and is not drinkable.
  6. Out of the total water present on earth, only 2.5% of water is fresh water and is drinkable.
  7. Every day we humans use about 10 billion tons of freshwater worldwide.
  8. Globally, we consume around 4 trillion cubic meters of fresh water a year.
  9. By the year 2025, the United Nations has estimated that around 30% of the world’s population residing in 50 countries will face water shortages.
  10. An average person will need 5 liters of water to drink every day to survive in a moderate climate with little activity.
  11. An average American uses 378 to 662 liters (100 to 175 gallons) of water per day.
  12. Agriculture alone can consume 75 to 90% of a region’s available freshwater.
  13. To grow 1 ton of grain, 1000 tons of water is needed.
  14. The juicy steak of beef needs 154000 liters of water. How? Well, the cow needs to eat 1,300 kg of grains in 3 years before it can be killed and produce 200 kg of beef.
  15. To heat water, ten times more energy is needed than to heat iron.
  16. To convert water into steam, ten times more energy is required than to boil it.
  17. A cubic mile of water equals more than 1.1 trillion gallons. A cubic kilometer of water equals about 264 billion gallons (1 trillion liters).
  18. About 3,100 mi3 (12,900 km3) of water, mostly in the form of water vapor, are in the atmosphere at any given time. If it all fell as precipitation at once, all of the earth would be covered with about 1 inch of water.
  19. The 48 contiguous states of the United States receive a total volume of about four mi3 (17.7 km3) of precipitation every day.
  20. Each day, 280 mi3 (1,170 km3) of water evaporate or transpire into the atmosphere.
  21. If all of the earth’s water was poured on the contiguous United States, it would cover the land to a depth of about 107 miles (172 kilometers).
  22. There is more freshwater on earth than it is available in lakes and rivers. More than 8,400,000 km3 (2,000,000 mi3) of freshwater is stored within half a half-mile of the earth’s surface.
  23. The pH of pure drinking water is 7, which is neither acidic nor alkaline.
  24. The human body is comprised of 60 percent water.
  25. The vital organs like the brain and heart are made up of 73 percent water.
  26. A person can live about a month without food but cannot survive without water for more than a week.
  27. To manufacture 1 ton of steel, 300 tons of water is required.
  28. The present Antarctic ice sheet accounts for about 90 percent of earth’s total ice volume and 70 percent of its freshwater. If all ice melted in the continent, it may raise sea level by 200ft.
  29. For every A4 sheet to produce needs 10 liters of water.
  30. About 790 million people, which is 11% of the world, do not have access to an improved water supply.
  31. We humans can survive without food for up to one month. Whereas without drinking water we cannot survive more than a week.
  32. The largest use of household water is to flush the toilet, followed by taking showers and baths. Toilets account for nearly 30 percent of an average home’s indoor water consumption.
  33. The top 5 countries that use the water the most are India, China, United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Iran.
  34. Only about 5 percent of the body of a jellyfish is of solid matter. Rest 95 percent comprises of water.
  35. When we drink water, it leaves the stomach in less than 5 minutes.
  36. All the water which is present on earth is extra-terrestrial as it has reached earth by asteroid and comets.

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