22 Amazing Facts About Mount Everest

Mount Everest is located on the boundary of Tibet and Nepal. It is usually said to be the highest mountain on Earth. Reaching 29,029 feet at its summit, Everest is indeed the highest point above global mean sea level. It is located in the Solukhumbu district of Nepal. So let’s Jump to these interesting facts about Mount Everest, which might baffle you.

  1. The mountain was named after George Everest, a former Surveyor General of India. He called the mountain peak 15, but in 1865, the mountain’s name was changed to Everest in honor of Sir George Everest.
  2. On May 29, 1953 At 11:30 a.m. Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, became the first explorers to reach Mount Everest’s summit officially.
  3. The stages of climbing Mount Everest and its altitudes are: –
    · Base Camp. 17700 feet. 5400 meters
    · Icefall. 18000 – 20000 feet / 5500 – 6100 meters
    · Camp 1, Valley of Silence. 20000 – 21000 feet / 6100 – 6400 meters.
    · Camp 2. 21000 feet /6400 meters.
    · Camp 3, Lhotse wall. 22300 – 26300 feet / 6800 – 8000 meters.
    · Camp 4, the Death zone. 26000 feet / 8000 meters.
    · The summit. 29035 feet / 8850 meters.
    · Coming down.
  4. Camp 4, also known as the Death Zone, is the last major camp before the summit. Climbers hike from Camp 4 to The Balcony at 27,700 feet (8440 m). The term “death zone” refers to altitudes above a certain point where the oxygen pressure is insufficient to sustain human life for an extended period.
  5. On Mount Everest, over 200 people have died while climbing. Many of the bodies have remained to serve as a grave reminder for those who come after.
  6. As per the laws of the Chinese government, Climbers must be at least 16 years old to climb the mountain Everest; there are no further age restrictions, though the Nepal Mountaineering Association has set the age range between 16 and 76.
  7. To qualify for Everest, it takes about two or three years of consistent climbing. For practice, you’ll also need a couple of high-altitude climbs.
  8. On May 10, 1996, the worst accident on Everest occurred when an unexpected storm surrounded the summit, which led to the death of eight climbers. It was the deadliest disaster in the mountain’s history at the time.
  9. Francys Arsentiev, a novice climber, is known as the Sleeping Beauty on Mount Everest after her tragic death in 1998. Arsentiev and her husband Sergei, a skilled and experienced climber, attempted to conquer Everest without supplemental oxygen. As a result, Francys Arsentiev (January 18, 1958 – May 24, 1998) was the first woman from United States to reach the summit of Mount Everest without using oxygen.
  10. There are only two ways to reach the world’s highest point: from the north side of Everest in Tibet or the south side of Everest in Nepal. In China, climbers must be between 18 and 60, whereas, in Nepal, climbers must be at least 16 years old with no upper age limit.
  11. During the 2015 earthquake that struck Nepal and its neighboring countries, an avalanche on the base camp of mount Everest killed 24 people.
  12. Kami Rita Sherpa is the most experienced Everest climber. On May 21, 2019, he reached his 24th summit, making him the person with the most Everest ascents overall. Even more remarkable, he’d completed his 23rd ascent just six days before.
  13. Mount Everest’s historic Tibetan name is Chomolungma, also spelled Qomolangma, which means “Goddess Mother of the World.” Chomolungma’s name is pronounced as “CHOH-moh-LUHNG-m.”Whereas In Nepal, Mount Everest is known as Sagarmatha, which means “Goddess of the Sky.”
  14. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world but not the tallest mountain. The tallest mountain in the world is the Mauna Kea, a volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii.
  15. Earth scientists estimate Everest to be 50 to 60 million years old, making it a youngster by geological standards. The mountain was formed by the upward force created when the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates collided, pushing up the rocks that developed the world’s highest peak.
  16. Pemba Dorje Sherpa (Nepal) climbed from Base Camp to the summit of Mt Everest in a time of 8 hr 10 min, the fastest ever ascent of the world’s highest mountain.
  17. There have been over 4,000 successful climbers on Mount Everest in history. These climbers have completed the trail about 9000 times in total.
  18. The cost of a standard supported climb ranges between $28,000 and $85,000.A fully customized climb will cost more than USD 115,000.
  19. The distance from the base camp to the Everest summit is 20.5 km.
  20. Climbers, on average, use seven bottles of oxygen on their way up and down. Climbers can inhale it at various rates, and a bottle can last up to five hours if consumed at the highest inhalation rate. At sea level, our blood is 98-99 percent saturated with oxygen; at 3000m, this drops to 89-90 percent, and on the summit of Everest, it falls to 40 percent.
  21. The winds strong and fast like this are extremely dangerous as they can blow climbers off the Mt. Everest easily. And winds over 160 km/h (100 mph) are its average level.
  22. The world’s highest weather station is on Mt Everest sitting at 27,600 feet above the sea level. On May 23, 2019 a team of scientist installed the weather station on the Southeast Ridge of Mount Everest.

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