Fruits & Vegetables

10 Interesting Facts About Broccoli

Broccoli is a green plant that is edible and belongs to the cabbage family. Broccoli can be eaten cooked or raw; both are nutritious but have different nutrient profiles. Cooking methods such as boiling, stir-frying, microwaving, and steaming change the nutrient composition of the vegetable, reducing vitamin C, as well as soluble protein and sugar.

  1. Broccoli is a form of cabbage of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible flower buds and stalk.
  2. The scientific name of broccoli is Brassica oleracea var. italica.
  3. Broccoli is a cheap vegetable with an average price of $1.64 per head, and it provides some of every nutrient that you need.
  4. Broccoli can be eaten raw or cooked.
  5. Broccoli is native to the eastern Mediterranean or Asia minor. It was cultivated in Italy in the ancient Roman times and was introduced to America and England in the 1700s.
  6. In 2019, the Global production of broccoli (combined with cauliflower) was 27 million tonnes. China and India were the highest producers of the vegetable together, accounting for 73% of the total world production. Secondary producers were the United States, Mexico, and Spain, with about one million tonnes of production each.
  7. In last 35 Years the consumption of the crop has been increased by over 940%.
  8. Broccoli has numerous health benefits some of them are:-
    • Prevents cancer
    • Reduce cholesterol
    • Reduces inflammation and allergic reaction
    • Works as an powerful antioxidant
    • Improves bone health.
    • Improves heart health.
  9. The world record of biggest broccoli is named after Mary Evans of Palmer, Alaska, United States. The huge broccoli was grown in the year 1993 and weighed 15.87 Kg (35 lb).
  10. Broccoli likes steady moisture to grow fast and produce good heads, so water regularly, applying 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week if there is no rain.

Nutrition Facts of Broccoli

Here are the nutrition facts about for one cup of Broccoli.

  • Energy (calories): 24.3
  • Carbohydrate:4.78 g, including 1 g of sugar
  • Fiber:1.82 g
  • Calcium: 35 grams
  • Phosphorus: 50.9 mg
  • Potassium: 230 mg
  • Vitamin C: 40.5 mg
  • Folate: 49.4 mcg
  • Vitamin A: 6.08 mcg
  • Beta-carotene: 70.7 mcg
  • Lutein and zeaxanthin : 566mg
  • Vitamin E: 0.11 mg
  • Vitamin K: 77.5 mcg

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