Fruits & Vegetables

18 Interesting Facts About Mushrooms

Mushrooms are not true vegetables because they lack leaves, roots, and seeds and do not require light to grow. In terms of nutrition, however, the United States Department of Agriculture considers mushrooms to be vegetables because they provide many of the same nutritional attributes as vegetables.

  1. The cultivation and use of mushrooms started in France in the year 1650.
  2. Mushrooms are unique in the produce section because they are fungi and not vegetables.
  3. The mushrooms we eat are generally composed of a stipe (stem), a pileus (cap), and lamellae (gills).
  4. Unlike plants, mushrooms do not require sunlight to grow as it does not have chlorophyll.
  5. The term “mushroom has been derived from the French word mousseron in reference to moss (mousse). Delineation between edible and poisonous fungi is not clear-cut, so a “mushroom” may be edible, poisonous, or unpalatable.
  6. China is the biggest producer of mushrooms in the world, with a production of 7,797,929 tons. The second-biggest producer in Italy.
  7. In 2019 Poland was the leading global exporter of mushrooms, with an export value of about 401.55 million U.S. dollars worldwide. Canada was the second biggest exporter of mushrooms.
  8. The three biggest importers of mushrooms in the year 2020 were the Netherlands, Germany, and France.
  9. There are approximately 14000 species of mushrooms grown worldwide.
  10. Some mushrooms have 36,000 sexes with which they mate. We humans do have only two.
  11. Oyster and shiitake mushrooms are considered the most healthy mushrooms in all categories.
  12. Popped popcorn comes in two shapes: “snowflake” or “mushroom.” Because “snowflake” shaped popcorn is bigger, movie theaters typically sell that shape.
  13. There are mushrooms that glow in the dark. These types of mushrooms are called as bioluminescent mushrooms.
  14. Wild mushrooms can make a tasty dish, but the toxins in some mushrooms can trigger fatal health issues.
  15. Mushroom has numerous health benefits, some of which are: Improves memory, can be good for heart, Protects the brain from aging and strengthens bones.
  16. Armillaria ostoyae is a mushroom commonly known as the honey mushroom. It is bigger than any animal and is the oldest organism on earth. The mushroom is covered in an area of 3,726563 m2 in the Malheur National Forest, Oregon, and is about 8,650 years old.
  17. Agaricus bisporus is a white and brown variety of mushrooms that are by far the most popular species of mushrooms in the United States.
  18. Deadly Dapperling is the most poisonous variety of mushrooms. Consumption of this kind of mushroom leads to severe liver toxicity and can have lethal consequences if immediate treatment is not received.

Nutrition Facts of Mushrooms

Here are the nutritional profile of one 96-g cup of whole, raw mushrooms.

  • Energy: 21.1
  • Protein: 3g
  • Carbohydrate: 3.1, including 1.9 g of sugar
  • Calcium: 2.9mg
  • Iron: 0.5mg
  • Magnesium: 8.6mg
  • Phosphorus: 82.6mg
  • Sodium: 4.8mg
  • Zinc: 0.5mg
  • Copper: 305mcg
  • Selenium: 8.9mcg
  • Vitamin C: 2.0mg
  • Vitamin D: 0.2mg
  • Folate: 16.3 (mcgDFE)
  • Choline: 16.6mg
  • Niacin: 3.5mg


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