Fruits & Vegetables

14 Fascinating Facts About Turnips

Turnips are a root vegetable in the mustard plant family Brassicaceae. In the spring and fall, it is ready for harvest. The most common turnip is light purple on top and white on the bottom. It is low in fat and high in nutritional value. Because of their high Vitamin A content, turnip greens can help maintain healthy skin and hair. Vitamin A is also required for the development of all bodily tissues. It also aids in the production of sebum, which keeps the hair moisturised. So here are 14 facts about turnips that you may find interesting.

  1. Turnips are grown and are available in the autumn season (September to December).
  2. Turnips have been cultivated for centuries and are packed with an impressive nutrient profile. They are a good source of Vitamin C, Fiber, Maganese and Potassium.
  3. Turnips are a delicious root vegetable. Some other examples of root vegetables are ginger, Onions and Sweet Potatoes.
  4. The scientific name of Turnips is Brassica Rapa Subsp.
  5. Turnips are low-calorie root vegetables. One cup of sliced turnip contains approximately 18 calories compared to the potato, which contains about 59 calories. So it is suitable for weight loss.
  6. Turnips, like all vegetables, are low in saturated fat and cholesterol. They’re high in vitamin B6, folate, calcium, potassium, and copper. They are also good sour in dietary fibre, vitamin C, and manganese. Thus turnips are counted as a superfood.
  7. Turnips come in a wide range of sizes, colours, flavours, and applications. The most common type of turnip is the one with a purple top. They have a rose-purple top and has white skin. There are around 30 types of turnips that are grown worldwide.
  8. Turnips are grown across the temperate zone and are assumed to have originated in middle and eastern Asia.
  9. The global production of Turnips in the year 2019 was 44.76 Metric Tons.
  10. The biggest producer of this vegetable is China, with 47.77% of the world’s total production. The second is Uzbekistan, with 6.19% of total production.
  11. The biggest importer of turnips in the year 2020 was Germany.
  12. Damien Allard of Canada achieved the heaviest turnip ever grown on 2nd November 2020. The turnip weighed 29.00 kg (63lb 14oz).
  13. Turnips have the following health benefits.
    • Helps to control blood sugar levels.
    • It may have anti-cancer properties.
    • It May provide anti-inflammatory effects.
    • May protect against harmful bacterias.
    • Helps in weight management.
    • Promotes bone health. May protect your liver from toxicity
  14. According to some evidence; Turnips were domesticated before the 15th century BC. They were cultivated in India at the time for their oil-bearing seeds.

Nutrition Facts of Turnips

Here are the nutritional profile of one cup of raw turnips.

  • Calories: 36.4 kcal
  • Protein: 1.17 g
  • Fiber: 2.34 g
  • Carbohydrate: 5.8 g
  • Cholesterol: 0g
  • Calcium: 39 milligrams
  • Phosphorus: 35.1 mg
  • Vitamin C: 27.3 mg
  • Vitamin A: 1499 international units (IU)
  • Magnesium: 14.3 mg
  • Vitamin K: 0.13 micrograms (mcg)
  • Sodium: 87.1 mg
  • Zinc: 0.351 mg
  • Folate: 19.5 mcg


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